What is Pronation
We generally refer to pronation as the inward roll of the foot while walking or running. For our purposes, another way to look at pronation, instead of the degree of inward roll, is in terms of where the foot pushes off at the end of each step, or at the end of the gait cycle. This is why we watch our customers walk barefoot first before we start the shoe-fitting process. There are three main types of pronation in human gait: neutral pronation, overpronation and underpronation (also called supination).
Neutral pronation is when the foot experiences a normal, healthy amount of pronation instead of overpronating or underpronating. More of the toe area is used when pushing off.
Overpronators tend to push off almost completely for the big toe and the second toe. As a result the shock from the foot's impact doesn't spread evenly throughout the foot. The ankle has trouble stabilizing the rest of the body. This can result in secondary effects on the lower legs such as increased rotation of the tibia, which may result in lower leg or knee problems.
Supination is when the weight is supported on the lateral portion or 5th metatarsal of the foot. This is common with people who are bow-legged. No matter what your feet do, we will observe how your feet behave when you walk barefoot and with your existing shoes on. This will aid us in recommending an ideal shoe-fitting solution.